Friedrich Nietzsche was a philosopher who lived in the nineteenth century. His father was a Lutheran minister who became insane and died from brain ailments while Nietzsche was still a young boy. Nietzsche was the only male in his family after his father’s death. Nietzsche grew up and became a phenomenal student, and he excelled particularly in Religion and German. In the year 1864, Nietzsche dropped his theology classes and lost his faith completely.
Creation According to the Bible
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep.” Genesis 1:1-2
In the beginning of the Bible, we see that the problem with the earth was that it was formless and void. Formless meant that it lacked form and void meant that it lacked matter. The purpose of the biblical account of creation is to clarify that God created matter and form.
The purpose of this essay is to outline the charter of Christian living. In order to outline a charter of Christian living, it is necessary to employ both moral philosophy and moral theology. The difference between moral philosophy and moral theology is that moral philosophy “limits itself to the confines of human reason” while moral theology focuses on the “supernatural side of human destiny.” It is necessary to say that not only are moral philosophy and moral theology compatible but they are complimentary. The foundation of this charter shall be the Ten Commandments and the Sermon on the Mount.
Devotion is sometimes misunderstood, and in attempt to live a devout life people often “clothe themselves with certain outward actions connected with holy devotion… [but] they are in fact nothing but copies and phantoms of devotion.” Devotion simply put is “true love of God.” A prerequisite to living a devout life is charity. Charity is defined as “that habit or power which disposes us to love God above all creatures for Himself, and to love ourselves and our neighbors for the sake of God.” In an analogy, if charity is the “spiritual fire… [then] when it burst into flames, it is called devotion.” It is impossible to have a burst of flames without first having a fire.
The purpose of this paper is to explain and defend the Catholic Church’s understanding of papal authority, specifically, the idea of apostolic succession and papal authority. The Catholic Church has four marks: One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic. This paper is concerned with the claim of being Apostolic. The Church claims to be Apostolic because they believe that Jesus appointed Peter as the first Pope and that from Peter came a succession of Pope’s that leads to our current Pope. The basis for this claim is heavily based in the Scriptures.